HEALTH AND HYGIENE
Basic Health Education
NKFC provides the services of a Health Extension Worker. This person
regularly visits the villages and teaches the importance of hygiene and
good health practices, such as boiling drinking water, proper sanitary
habits and maintaining a clean home environment. In addition, the HEW
works with the District authorities to ensure that all children and mothers
receive recommended vaccinations against the most common diseases. A further
important service provided by the HEW is education to inform villagers
of the advantages of family planning – especially as infant mortality
declines – and of the dangers of HIV/AIDS, which has a high incidence
A relatively high incidence of goitre and even cretinism was observed
in the NKFC programme area, due to a severe iodine deficiency in the soil.
NKFC took the initiative to introduce iodized salt into the villages,
a practice that has now been taken up by the authorities and should eliminate
both goitre and cretinism in future generations.
Wood and charcoal provides heat for cooking in almost every village home.
Few houses have a proper hearth and chimney. This results in the inefficient
use of increasingly scarce fuel (Cambodia suffers from large-scale deforestation)
as well as in damage to women’s eyes (cooking is usually undertaken
by women) from repeated exposure to smoke. NKFC has introduced simple,
inexpensive, improved cooking stoves on a trail basis. These have found
appreciation and acceptance among the village women and will be distributed
more widely. As with latrines, NKFC will apply an awareness and aptitude
test before providing stoves.
Malaria remains a scourge in many parts of Cambodia, including the Banteay
Sray region. The simplest and most effective prophylactic is to sleep
under a mosquito net impregnated with an approved insecticide. NKFC has
provided a mosquito net to each family that has requested one and ensures
that each net is re-impregnated annually just before the onset of the
Download Mosquito nets compaign report 2009 [Excel, 17.5kb]
As a direct result of the support programmes introduced by NKFC, there
has been a recognized decline in mortality rates as well as in the incidence
of diseases, particularly water-borne. Instilling new ideas and practices
takes time and requires repeated follow-up so that beneficial habits are
formed. NKFC has been working with some of the villagers for more than
five years to ensure that this happens.
Download Type of disease chart [Excel, 19kb]
Download Healthcare analysis [PDF, 70kb]
Download Monthly Health care monitoring 2009 [Excel, 155kb]